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Guinea Pigs

Guinea pigs, also known as the Cavia Porcellus (scientific name), are a species of rodents originating from the Andes on the west coast of South America. These indigenous critters of the highlands were first popularized as far back as the 16th century when European traders first introduced them into western society as a household pet.

By the mid 1800’s, guinea pigs were used as research and test animals in laboratories, thus coining the term “guinea pig” for that brave friend of yours trying something out before you do. Although this sounds like a cruel fate for such docile and cute rodents, guinea pigs were responsible for helping us discover crucial vitamins and cures to diseases! I’m happy to say, no guinea pigs are being experimented on today.

Guinea pigs come in a variety of species and breeds, however, there are only around 10 breeds that are relatively common among owners. The most popular breed is the American Guinea Pig, followed by the Abyssinian Guinea Pig. No matter what breed, a guinea pig will always be loving, kind and possibly the best pets ever.

Guinea pigs weigh roughly 1 to 3 pounds as an adult cavy and have a lifespan of 4 to 8 years depending on many factors that include, cage conditions, nutrition and breed. The coat of a guinea pig will vary in colors, including rare tricolor coats. Some breeds will have curls, while other breeds will have straight hair on their coat. Both long-haired and short-haired guinea pigs are available, but short-haired breeds are much easier to groom and take care of.

These tail-less rodents are surprisingly very vocal, similar to a dog. While a dog will bark, the guinea pig will wheek. In fact, there are so many different kinds of guinea pig sounds you may hear when you’re around them. Each guinea pig noise will have an unique and different meaning to them. They’re quite smart in communicating to humans! And,if you’re lucky, they may even chirp for you like a bird.


Guinea Pig Breeds – Decide which guinea pig breed is perfect for you.
Picking Guinea Pig Cages & Setup – Learn what cages are ideal for your guinea pig situation and how to properly set them up to ensure the ideal environment for them.
The Guinea Pig Diet & Food Guide – Learn what these rodents need to eat to live a healthy life.
Guinea Pig Names – Ideas for naming your new guinea pig.
Guinea Pig Sounds Learn about what your guinea pigs are trying to express to you. Communication is a two way street.